001. I got this email 2017-05-11 from National University of Health Science:
so there's science subset naturopathy. This marketing material is known as an inducement, "a motive or consideration that leads one to action or to additional or more effective actions." So I KNOWINGLY participated in this 'science subset naturopathy' falsehood, and got a link sent to me by NUHS to an NUHS pdf:002. and that NUHS "A Career Guide to Becoming a Naturopathic Doctor" [saved 2017-05-12] [also here; 2017 archived] states:
and first and foremost lets remember this is commerce, as a subsequent email reminded me as it had many dollar signs in it:
[I'll explicitly iterate the PDF link:
which I've pushed into archive.org and that is
002.a. regarding science:
"about National University of Health Sciences [...] National University of Health Sciences (NUHS) [...] healing arts and science [...] the university offers programs in chiropractic medicine, naturopathic medicine, acupuncture, oriental medicine, massage therapy, and biomedical science [...] introduction to the naturopathic medical field [...] what is naturopathic medicine? Naturopathic medicine is a holistic, science-based health care practice [...] the rigors of modern science [...] using modern medical science and natural therapies [...] NDs can be licensed as a primary care or general practice physician after they’ve fulfilled the following requirements: graduate from a four-year professional-level program at a CNME-accredited naturopathic medical school, such as National University of Health Sciences. Take and pass national board exams, Naturopathic Physicians Licensing Exam (NPLEX). This rigorous exam covers basic sciences, diagnostic, and therapeutic subjects and clinical sciences [...] what are the traits of a successful ND? [...] aptitude for science [...] which school provides comprehensive medical education and training? Look for a school that has a rigorous, broad-scope medical curriculum with a strong foundation in basic sciences - your curriculum in the first two years should include a strong emphasis on basic sciences such as anatomy, microbiology, physiology, and more. When you attend an accredited school, your basic science coursework will be the same as that of a typical MD, DC, or a DO student. Clinical sciences - students learn important skills in diagnosing patient conditions, performing physical exams, and determining the correct naturopathic treatments in clinical science classes [...] our basic science coursework provides a solid foundation in biomedical sciences. In addition to coursework, students learn anatomy and physiology through hands on, full-cadaver dissection in our gross anatomy laboratory. In the clinical science classes, beginning early in the curriculum, students start applying the basic science knowledge [...] admission requirements [...] GPA and degree requirements [...] science prerequisites, including lab-based coursework in biology, physics, general chemistry, and organic chemistry [...] non-science prerequisites, including coursework in English, psychology, social science, and humanities [...] what undergraduate degree is required? A science major such as biology or chemistry is the best preparation, since naturopathic schools require you to have completed a certain amount of science credits, including laboratory sciences. However, you don’t need to worry if you don’t have a science major. You can complete necessary science prerequisites prior to admission. In fact, National University offers a wide selection of undergraduate science courses right on campus in our prerequisite program. So, you can begin at NUHS in that program if you need to complete missing science coursework [...] what will make me a more competitive applicant? You can make yourself more attractive to admissions officials at naturopathic schools by doing well in science course prerequisites [...] National University of Health Sciences. Your next step to success! National University of Health Sciences offers the doctor of naturopathic medicine degree, and is a great place to start your comparison of schools [...] National University’s academic programs are rigorous, uncompromising, and built on a solid foundation in the basic sciences";
so, a SCIENCE categorical claim upon the naturopathic. Now, the root 'homeop' is in there 6 times, and that QUITE belies this science categorical label. And it mentions the NPLEX exam, which falsely labels homeopathy a clinical science.
002.b. coded vitalism:
"naturopathic medicine [...] the wisdom of nature [...] it is dedicated to nature’s healing powers and is distinguished by the principles that underlie and determine its practice. What are the fundamental principles of naturopathic medicine? The six fundamental principles of naturopathic medicine are adhered to by naturopathic doctors [...#]2 the healing power of nature: trust in the body’s inherent wisdom to heal itself [...] to support the body’s own ability to ward off and combat disease [...] is the school dedicated to the naturopathic philosophy? Look for a school that not only teaches naturopathic principles and therapies, but is also dedicated to a curriculum grounded in the traditional naturopathic philosophy";
because we don't deserve to know, so we can then UNDERSTAND. Though, at nuhs.edu, you can find the explicit language "qi can be thought of as the energy or life force in one's body" here.
002.c. and of course that knowledge blending admission:
"naturopathic medicine [...] is a distinct primary health care profession that combines the wisdom of nature with the rigors of modern science [...] using modern medical science and natural therapies";
ah, a distinct combination, science AND. Which is an epistemic conflation, falsely categorically labeled as an epistemic distinction.